What is Retina Display?

Retina Display is the high-resolution screen technology used by Apple on several iPhones, iPads, and other products.

It launched in June 2010 with the iPhone 4.

We will learn about retina display, how it varies from other screens, the advantages and disadvantages in this article.

What is Retina Display?

The jagged edges of pixels on the screen are smoothed using Retina Display that gives images a more natural appearance.

This Display boasts panels manufactured with technology that are so sharp that the human eye is unable to differentiate individual pixels.

When looking at texts, the advantages of technology are especially noticeable.

The curved edges of letters on Retina Display are smoother than on earlier display technologies.

The high-quality visuals on a Retina Display are the consequence of various factors:

  • The screen is made up of a high density of pixels.
  • A high contrast ratio results in brighter whites and deeper blacks.
  • IPS is a screen technology that improves viewing angles.
  • To increase the visual quality, the screen is covered with chemically treated glass with LED illumination.
What is Retina Display

Factors that Contribute to a Retina Display:

1. Pixel Density:

The pixel density is tightly packed, the smoother the image, the higher the pixel density of the screen.

The number of pixels in one square inch of a display is measured in pixels per inch (PPI).

It is determined by a combination of the screen resolution and physical size of the metric device.

The iPhone 4 has a 3.5-inch screen with 960-by-640 resolution and 326 PPI.

This was the initial PPI specification for all Retina Display panels which altered when further versions were introduced.

The iPad Air 2 features a 2048-by-1536-pixel screen with a 264 PPI.

2. Viewing Distance:

The distance between the device and the user’s face is known as the viewing distance.

The iPhone is typically held close to the user’s face, whereas the display on the MacBook Pro is seen from distance.

This is significant since a Retina Display is defined by the ability of the human eye to discern between pixels.

To keep pixels from being visible to the human eye, a higher pixel density is required for a closer look.

When viewing a display from a greater distance, the pixel density may be decreased.

Advantages of retina display:

1. Quality of image:

A pixel density of 300 pixels per inch is detectable by the human eye, while the Retina display has a 326-pixel density that increases visual quality.

This is because pixels are nearly invisible to users that have smooth lines, and a high resolution.

Users will be able to read the content on the screen more easily, it has a highly attractive and user-friendly interface.

2. Wider viewing angle:

It has a wider viewing angle due to advances in technology and the design of retina displays.

This means that you can view images clearly from all sides of the screen.

3. Better colour quality:

The colour gamut of the Retina display is better and wider than improving the colour saturation of the screen and the visuals displayed on it.

A retina display’s colour quality should be roughly 44% better than a non-retina panel.

4. Better viewing experience:

Users will have a better viewing experience while utilizing Retina Display.

Since these screens have a higher contrast ratio in different colours, reproduction, and presentation of the image will be improved.

5. Screen real estate:

The Retina display’s high-resolution screen gives greater visuals allowing for more information to be displayed while remaining readable.

This makes the screen more useful for app developers as they can make the most of the available screen.

6. Suited for creative professionals:

Whether it’s simply images or videos, graphics or websites, eBooks or web articles or even games, a retina display makes it easier to consume content.

These high-resolution displays are best suited for creative workers that work in photo editing, graphic design, or other areas.

Its ability to replicate images with finer details.

7. Softer for the eyes:

A retina display will prevent eye strain if you spend a lot of time in front of your laptop.

It is due to its ability to produce crisper images that means you won’t have to strain your eyes to focus on a specific spot on the screen.

There will be no headaches, double vision, or blurred vision.

Related Article: What is Touchpad on Laptop?
8. A better technology:

This is an excellent technology that allows for outdoor visibility even under bright sunshine.

Backlights have a longer lifespan than organic diodes and they are less brittle.

Individual pixels are turned off in this high-end emissive display technology to display black in a specific area.

9. Cost-effective:

Even if the initial cost of a Retina display is higher than that of a standard display, it will deliver greater long-term value.

It uses less energy, therefore, is more cost-effective.

Related Article: What is Thunderbolt 3 Port?

Disadvantages of Retina Display:

1. Expensive:

A laptop with a retina display panel will be more expensive because of the high cost of manufacturing IPS display panels.

2. Adaptability:

While high pixel density is excellent for images and the eye, some web content and apps may not benefit because they are not adequately optimised.

As a result, the photos on these websites and apps are not adaptive, do not replicate precisely, and appear slightly distorted.

Related Article: What is RGB Keyboard?
3. Leaking backlights:

The backlights can sometimes leak out because of the retina display’s high contrast ratio.

Due to its emissive technology, the pixels in the darker areas of the photographs are selectively turned off.

4. Response time:

The pixel response time may be slower on low-end smartphones with retina displays.

On the other hand, the liquid retina displays do not have this issue because the hardware is significantly better allowing the display’s refresh rate to be increased up to 120 Hz.

Related Article: What is PCIe SSD in Laptop?
Frequently Asked Questions:
Which is better retina or Amoled?

AMOLED displays often have a lower resolution than Retina panels.

Is Retina display better than 1080?

A retina display has a greater resolution than a 1080p display.

What is the difference between Retina display and normal?

At normal viewing distances, Retina displays generate extremely sharp images than a normal display.


A retina display on your laptop is ideal as it provides a more comfortable viewing experience.

These are more expensive than other excellent displays, so selection depends largely on your preferences and budget.

If you want to run multiple displays, it is better to use DisplayPort but HDMI will be useful if you need support for the audio return channel.

Although the main purpose of using DisplayPort and HDMI is almost identical in most circumstances but have distinct characteristics that will determine the use.

Section Under: FAQ

Hi, I am Meena Patil, the founder of best-laptop.in/, I did my B.E. Computer. This blog provides honest information related to several laptops, laptop equipment, laptop reviews, buyer's guide and much more.

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