What is Generation in Laptop?

The Generation in the laptop is the age of processors.

The 11th generation laptops will be substantially slimmer than the 9th generation and the i7 is slightly quicker than the i5 CPU.

In this article you’ll learn:

So, if you’re ready to go with it, this article is for you.

Let’s jump into it!

What does generation mean in laptops?

The term “generation” describes the CPU’s age. Intel is on the 12th generation (model numbers have a 12xxx). Each generation is improved in terms of power efficiency, heat generation, etc; So the 12th generation laptop will be much thinner than the 9th generation.

Many people believe that the CPU generations are the Core i3, i5, and i7.

These are Intel CPU models or brands. Let me mention all of Intel’s key CPU models.

  • Pentium 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Celeron
  • Pentium M and Celeron M for mobile devices
  • Pentium Dual Core
  • Core Solo
  • Core Duo
  • Core 2 Duo
  • Core 2 Quad
  • Core i3, i5, i7, i9

The idea of generations mainly emerged after the launch of the Core I series.

The fundamental distinction between processor generations is the difference in processor micro-architecture.

These generations will be discussed in depth further below.

To view a graphic chronology of Intel CPU generations, click on the image below:

What is Generation in Laptop?

Names and Numbers of Intel Core Processors:

The whole name of the CPU may be unclear, as you can see from the above diagram.

That is why we are here to dispel any misconceptions regarding the information included inside Core processor names.

Names and Numbers of Intel Core Processors:

An Intel Core processor’s name includes the following details:


The whole product line is represented by the brand. Any one of the following might be the case:

  1. Core
  2. Xeon
  3. Pentium
  4. Celeron

Brand Modifier:

A Brand Modifier can only be used in the Core series to indicate the performance of the CPU. As of the authoring of this post, the following revisions are currently available:

  1. i3
  2. i5
  3. i7
  4. i9

The stronger the modifier, the better the performance.

Generation Indicator:

The processor generation in the laptop is found in the first or first and second digits of the 4 or 5-digit processor number.

The numbers will start with 11XXX or 12XXX if the CPU is from a generation that only had one integer (for instance, the eighth or ninth).

The digits will be 11XXX or 12XXX respectively, whether they are 11th or 12th generation.

The generation represents some of the processor’s characteristics, such as when it was developed, the size of the transistors utilized, the kind and size of the cache, etc.


The last three digits of the product number, which are frequently the model number are represented by the SKU.

The more functions the CPU is expected to have higher the SKU, thus SKUs cannot be used to compare CPUs from various Intel brands or versions.

Product Line Suffix:

The suffix at the end also denotes a processor characteristic.

  • A complete list of Intel suffixes with their definitions is shown below:
  • C: A desktop CPU and top-notch graphics.
  • F: Discrete graphics cards and a powerful CPU (for example, gaming).
  • K: Overclockable.
  • M: Mobile.
  • Q: Quad-core.
  • R: Desktop processor with a BGA1364 (mobile) packaging and high-end graphics.
  • S: Performance-driven lifestyle.
  • T: Power-optimized for optimal desktop computing.
  • U: Ultra-low-power for laptop efficiency.
  • X: Extreme unlocked for great desktop performance.

Now let’s talk about the different Intel Core generation in laptop.

Intel Processor Generations:

Intel CPU generations are simply more feature-rich and faster than earlier versions. Let’s discuss each generation in detail.

Intel Processor Generations: Quick Glance

1st GenNehalem2008
2nd GenSandy Bridge2011
3rd GenIvy Bridge2012
4th GenHaswell2013
5th GenBroadwell2014
6th GenSkylake2015
7th GenKaby Lake2016
8th GenKaby Lake R2017
9th GenCoffee Lake2017
10th GenCannon Lake2020
11th GenTiger Lake2021
1st Generation Intel Processors – Nehalem:

The previous Core architecture, which had limitations including the inability to raise clock speed, an ineffective pipeline, and other issues was replaced with the Nehalem processor.

The manufacture of Nehalem was authorised in 2010.

Instead of the 65nm or 90nm techniques utilized by preceding designs, Nehalem utilized a 45nm processor.

Nehalem reinstated hyper-threading capability, which had previously been absent from Core i3 CPU versions.

The 64 KB L1 cache, 256 KB L2 cache, and a 4 MB to 12 MB L3 cache are included in the Nehalem CPU.

It contains two DDR3 RAM channels and an 1156 LGA socket.

2nd Generation Intel Processors – Sandy Bridge:

The Nehalem design was replaced by the Sandy Bridge, which was released in 2011.

The Sandy Bridge features a 64 KB L1 cache and a 256 KB L2 cache, while the L3 cache ranges from 1MB to 8MB.

For strong CPUs, it varied from 10 MB to 15 MB.

The 2nd generation in laptop contains two DDR3-1066 RAM channels and an 1155 LGA socket.

3rd Generation Intel Processors – Ivy Bridge:

Ivy Bridge was released in September 2012 and uses a 22-nanometer.

This chip consumes 50% less power than Sandy Bridge CPUs while increasing performance by 25% to 68%.

The Sandy Bridge processors generate more heat.

The Ivy Bridge design uses the same 1155 LGA socket and DDR3-1333 to DDR3-1600 RAM.

4th Generation Intel Processors – Haswell:

The launch of Haswell occurred in June 2013.

Its design includes 22-nm technology similar to Ivy Bridge, it performs 3 to 8% better than the Ivy Bridge.

DDR4 technology features an entirely new cache design in addition to several new sockets (LGA 1150, BGA 1364, and LGA 2011-3).

Its main benefit is its low power consumption used in ultra-portable computers.

5th Generation Intel Processors – Broadwell:

In 2015, Broadwell, which employs 14-nm process technology and is 37% smaller than its predecessors, was unveiled.

As per Intel, the Broadwell CPU might extend the device’s battery life by up to 1.5 hours.

Additionally, Broadwell CPUs offer quicker wake-up times and improved graphics performance.

The 2nd generation in laptop functions with 1150 LGA sockets and 2-channel DDR3L-1333/1600 RAM.

6th Generation Intel Processors – Skylake:

Skylake is the Intel sixth-generation CPU that was launched in August 2015.

Skylake is a revised version of Broadwell’s 14-nm technology, which was debuted in the 5th generation.

7th Generation Intel Processors – Kaby Lake:

In 2016, Kaby Lake was made available.

Kaby Lake is essentially a Sky Lake processor updated with a few power and efficiency improvements, it has a process design is 14 nm.

The new graphics design sought to improve the performance of 4K video playback and 3D graphics.

Along with dual-channel DDR3L- 1600 and DDR4-2400 RAM slots, it has 1151 LGA ports.

8th Generation Intel Processors – Kaby Lake R:

Kaby Lake R was launched in 2017.

The characteristics are identical to the 7th Generation Intel Processor with DDR4-2666 RAM

9th Generation Intel Processors – Coffee Lake:

The Coffee Lake was released in 2017.

Coffee Lake CPUs have more than four cores per CPU because the heat produced by these cores will be massive.

Intel installed an integrated heat splitter (IHS), rather than the thermal paste used in prior CPUs.

It has 1151 LGA sockets with altered pinouts to support more than four cores and a 16 MB L3 cache.

10th Generation Intel Processors – Cannon Lake/Ice:

Cannon Lake has cutting-edge 10-nm technology.

It was released in late 2017, although production did not commence until 2018.

They have BGA1526 sockets that are compatible with DDR4 3200 and LPDDR4X 3733 memory.

This is the first CPU to include built-in Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax) and Thunderbolt 3 support.

11th Generation Intel Processors – Tiger Lake:

Tiger Lake is the 3rd 10-nm transistor technology released on September 2, 2020.

When compared to Ice Lake, the Tiger Lake design improves performance up to 19%.

This version has an L4 cache for additional performance gains.

This was the first version to use Intel Iris Xe graphics, which provides considerable FPS improvements while gaming.

12th Generation Intel Processors – Alder Lake:

The 12th generation of Intel Core CPUs is known as Alder Lake.

It uses 10-nanometer transistor technology, but with hybrid possibilities.

This means that both the P-cores and the E-cores of the processor are designed for power and scalability.

DDR5 memory, Thunderbolt 4 connection, and WiFi 6E (Gig+) are all supported in this iteration.

According to Intel, the 12th generation offers up to a double boost in performance and an average performance increase of 13% in gaming.

The 13th generation of Intel Core CPUs is called Raptor Lake.

It will provide a double-digit performance gain over Alder Lake and it may have up to 24 threads.

How to check Processor Generation on your Laptop?

Most operating systems make obtaining critical CPU information easier than others.

We’ll look at the three most famous in this post: Windows, Mac OS, and Linux are all supported.

Intel Processor Naming Conventions:

Intel implemented a set of naming guidelines and restrictions with the launch of the Core family of CPUs.

Let’s look at how to recognize an Intel Core CPU.

Your laptop may be powered by an Intel Core i7-7920HQ CPU. Intel refers to the i7 identification as the brand modifier, and it signifies the primary type of Intel Core CPU.

Until the 9th generation, the i7 was the flagship segment, designed for high-end PCs.

Let’s have a look at the 7920 numerical designations.

The number 7 in the first place indicates that your CPU is the 7th generation in laptop.

The next three numbers are the SKU numeric digits for the CPU.

In this scenario, the CPU in your fictitious laptop is the 920, which is ranked first in the Kaby Lake Mobile processor division’s Performance area.

Letter suffixes are also applied to some processors as follows:

The processor has the symbols H and Q, this acronym refers to quad-core mobile and laptop CPUs with high-end inbuilt graphics.

Intel Core CPUs in the mobile division can potentially have a variety of additional suffixes.

Here are a few of the more common, along with definitions:

  • The letter H stands for high-end graphics.
  • The HK suffix is used to unlock CPUs with powerful graphics.
  • U is an abbreviation for ultra-low power, and it is prevalent on less powerful gadgets.
  • Y stands for very low power, which is also used for low-end devices.
  • M stands for mobile. This name was used until the fourth generation.
  • MQ denotes a mobile quad-core CPU, which was also utilized up to the fourth generation.
  • MX is an abbreviation for Mobile Extreme Edition used until the fourth generation.
  • The fifth generation also had a series of processors that utilized the letter M rather than the letter I.
  • These were designed for low-powered machinery, only M3 CPUs were available in the 7th generation.

Following that, the M division was terminated.


If you have a Windows laptop, identifying the generation of your Intel CPU is simple. Windows displays all of the vital system information to its users. Simply follow these few instructions.

This solution is only applicable to Windows 10 laptops.

Double-click the This Computer symbol on the Desktops.

Right-click on the This Computer symbol in the window’s left-hand menu.

Select Properties from the drop-down box.

The laptop will display system information, i.e., generation and model.

On previous Windows versions, the System window also displays the CPU model and generation, however, the path to it may differ from generation to generation.


When it comes to choosing the generation of the CPU put beneath the hood of their laptop, Mac owners have it a little difficult.

Apple is notoriously guarded about the components it uses in its products, including Macs. Regardless, here’s how to locate the CPU inside your Mac.

Launch About This Mac and review the system information. Most probably, the processor data will just list the model.

 Open your browser and navigate to Every Mac 3.

There, select the By Processor option and then the All-Processors link.

Go down the list to find your Mac. The full name of the installed CPU will display on the right side of the model’s name of your Mac.

You can look for processor information in the terminal on your Mac If you don’t mind using it. Let’s see how it goes.

  1. Start Terminal on your Mac.
  2. Run the command sysctl machdep. CPU. brand. string the result should include the whole model’s name of the CPU installed on your Mac.
  3. Alternatively, use the following command to obtain processor information: sysctl machdep CPU.

Note: End the command with a full stop is not required.


AD Linux users should not be startled by the mention of Terminal because they should be the most familiar with it of any major operating system user.

If you are running Linux, you can get your generation and model with a single command. Let’s figure out how to obtain them.

  1. Start Terminal.
  2. Run the following command: grep model name’ | Uniq $ cat /proc/cpuinfo
  3. The terminal will then show the full name of the CPU or underneath the laptop’s hood.
  4. You may extract data such as the CPU’s specific architecture, the number of threads per core, the number of cores per socket, and more with a few simple terminal commands.
  5. A single query can also provide frequency information.

What is an 11th-generation laptop?

The 11th generation processor has up-to-date architecture, but not a new production process.

They can occasionally become faster since Intel has increased the number of transistors in its design.

The first Intel Iris Xe graphics are available on the 11th Gen Intel Core CPU.

They have up to 20 PCIe 4.0 lanes for the latest separate GPU.

The 11th generation Intel Core CPUs speed up productivity, creativity, and other applications through improved AI-based intelligent performance.

Related Article: What is DDR4 RAM in laptop?

What is a 10th generation laptop?

In comparison to recent generations, Intels 10th Gen Core processors have a more significant change to the company’s product.

As Intel has moved to a 10 nanometer (nm) process, a significant change in the 14nm process has been using Intel since 2014.

The clock frequency is good in the 10th generation CPU, which makes these laptops show early booting times.

Therefore, a 10th-generation outperforms an 8th-generation in terms of performance.

Up to 5.3 GHz 10th Gen CPU, Intel Wi-Fi 6 (Gig +), Thunderbolt TM 3 technology, 4K HDR, and Intelligent system optimization give amazing performance enhancements for increased efficiency productivity and incredible entertainment.

Related Article: What is Chrome OS?

Difference between the 10th Generation and the 11th Generation in laptops:

The 10th General Core i9 has 20 threads and 10 cores, while the 11th General has 16 threads and 8 cores.

The 11th generation provides excellent gaming performance.

It has fast single-core performance vs 10th General CPUs;

It has support for the PCIe 4.0 interface,

The 11th generation laptop has a fantastic gaming performance.

Related Article: What is a backlit keyboard?
Frequently Asked Questions:
What does Generation in laptops?

The generation refers to the age of the CPU.

What is the latest generation of laptop?

The 12th generation is the latest generation from Intel.

Which generation of laptops is best for students?

A 10th or 11th gen i5 or i7 processor will suffice.


These methodologies can be used to determine or verify laptop manufacturing.

Additionally, you can use the Property and Task Manager to obtain comprehensive information on your laptop.

Considering CPU generation and their differences is always crucial if you want to buy a laptop or improve your technical knowledge.

Section Under: FAQ

Hi, I am Meena Patil, the founder of best-laptop.in/, I did my B.E. Computer. This blog provides honest information related to several laptops, laptop equipment, laptop reviews, buyer's guide and much more.

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