Laptop Buying Guide

When you are searching for laptops for daily use o gaming, considering the buying guide is crucial.

To discover the best laptop for your needs, we have provided the features and specifications of laptops.

While purchasing a laptop, the following 5 factors should be considered:

Performance

Processor, RAM, Storage, Graphics and Battery are the five pillars that comprise the laptop’s performance.

1.Processor:

Powerful processor= Faster Work.

The CPU is the brain of the computer, it has core and thread, cache memory and base and turbo speed.

Core & Threads:

The core is an actual hardware component, while the thread is a virtual task manager.

Threads divide the physical core into virtual multiple cores, a dual-core (two cores) has four threads.

Single-core, Dual-core, Quad-core, Hexa-core, Octa-core, and Deca-core CPUs are the six types of central processing units.

Cache Memory:

This chip-based function allows you to access information from your computer’s hard drive more quickly.

The following are the three types of cache memory:

The L1 cache or primary cache is smaller and faster.

The L2 cache or secondary cache is bigger and faster than the L1 cache.

The L3 cache or tertiary cache is the largest and slowest.

Intel and AMD are the two major processor manufacturers.

Intel has Pentium, Celeron, Core (i3, i5, i7, and i9) processor series are available, while AMD has A, FX, and Ryzen processor series are available.

Ryzen performs better than intel but uses an extra battery.

Intel processors:

AtomCeleronPentiumCore i3Core i5Core i7Core i9
Cores1-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-6 cores 8 cores
Clock Speed1.3 GHz- 1.6 GHz 1.1 GHz- 3.7 GHz 1.2 GHz- 3.7 GHz 1.9 GHz- 4.0 GHz 1.9 GHz- 4.0 GHz 2.4 GHz- 4.0 GHz 2.4 GHz- 5 GHz
Use CaseBrowsing, watching movies.Browsing, watching movies, email.Browsing, watching movies, MS Office.Browsing, watching movies, multi-tasking.Browsing, watching movies, multi-tasking, light gaming, photo editing, excel. Browsing, watching movies, multi-tasking, heavy gaming, professional photo & video editing. Browsing, watching movies, multi-tasking, hardcore gaming, professional photo & video editing, 3d modelling.

AMD processors:

AMD E2AMD A4 & A6AMD A9, A10 & A12AMD RYZEN 3AMD RYZEN 5AMD RYZEN 7
Cores2 cores2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 4 cores 6 cores
Clock Speed1.8 GHz- 2.8 GHz 1 GHz- 2 GHz 2.4 GHz- 3 GHz 2.0 GHz- 2.6 GHz 2.0 GHz- 3.2 GHz 2.2 GHz- 3.3 GHz
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2. RAM:

More RAM = Better Multi-tasking.

Random Access Memory (RAM) is in which all of your open apps, data, and games are stored.

Laptops have 4, 8, or 16GB of RAM, the two types of laptop RAM i.e. DDR4 and DDR3.

DDR4: Fast, efficient power consumption.

DDR3: Older, slower and consumes more power.

Over time, applications and operating systems must be upgraded to newer versions and require more RAM.

Then upgrading the RAM can keep the laptop usable for a longer period, especially if you bought a 4GB RAM.

3. Storage:

More Storage= Better speed & performance.

Internal storage is also referred to as the laptop’s hard drive size or capacity.

Operating systems (such as Windows or Mac OS) and all other documents, photographs, programmers, games, and videos are stored in storage.

You won’t be able to store anything if you will not have adequate storage, and it damages the performance and speed.

For someone on a tight budget, an HDD is a better choice, while an SSD is preferable for gaming or media editing.

In general, there are three types of laptop storage: hard disc drives (HDDs), solid-state drives (SSDs), and solid-state hard drives (SSHDs).

Hard Disk Drive (HDD): 

HDD has a large capacity, but slower data read because it has moving parts that rotate.

Solid State Drive (SSD):

An SSD is faster but more expensive than HDD.

SATA SSD and NVMe SSD are the two types of SSDs (NVMe SSD is super-fast than SATA SSD).

SSD is 10 times better than HDD.
Solid-State Hybrid Drive (SSHD):

Solid-State Hybrid Drive (SSHD): An SSHD is a hybrid drive that combines hard disc drives and solid-state drives. It has a little more storage capacity and a faster load speed.

For example, An SSHD has combined a 128GB SSD with a 512GB or 1TB HDD.

4. Graphics Card:

Higher Graphics = Smooth gaming, video experience.

A graphics card is a chip inside your laptop that controls the visual quality displayed on your screen.

Graphics cards are divided into two categories: integrated and dedicated.

Integrated graphics card: 

Most laptops have integrated graphics cards that are perfect for watching movies or light photo-editing.

Intel and AMD processors offer integrated graphics that are adequate for everyday use.

Dedicated graphics card:

A dedicated graphics card is a separate piece of hardware with its own memory.

Dedicated graphics cards are more powerful than integrated graphics cards and they are required for heavy gaming, photo, and video editing.

They are also known as video cards or discrete graphics.

Nvidia and AMD are well-known companies that provide dedicated graphics cards.

Nvidia graphics cards Uses
MX450, MX350, MX330, MX250 Normal gaming.
GTX 1050, GTX 1050Ti, GTX 1060, GTX 1650, GTX 1660, GTX 1660 Ti. Casual gaming & photo editing
GTX 1070, GTX 1070Ti, GTX 1080, GTX 1080Ti, RTX 2060, RTX 2070, RTX 2080, RTX 2080Ti, RTX 3070, RTX 3080, RTX 3080 Ti, RTX 3090, RTX 3060 Ti, RTX 3060. Heavy/hardcore gaming
AMD graphics cards Uses
AMD RX 550, AMD Radeon RX 560, AMD Radeon RX 570, AMD Radeon RX 580, AMD Radeon RX 590. Casual gaming & photo editing
AMD Radeon RX Vega 56, AMD Radeon RX Vega 64, AMD Radeon RX Vega 64 Liquid-cooled, AMD Radeon VII, AMD Radeon RX 5700, AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th Anniversary & AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th. Anniversary Heavy / hardcore gaming

5. Battery:

More WHr = more battery life and a bigger battery usually mean a heavier laptop.

The battery keeps your laptop running when the charger is not plugged into a power outlet measured in watt-hours (WHr).

Fast charging is also a useful feature to charge your laptop in the shortest amount of time.

Display

While selecting the ideal display for your laptop, you’ll need to consider the screen size and resolution that will best suit your needs.

1. Display size: 

The most common screen size is 15.6 inches, but there are 11 inches, 13 inches, and up to 17.3 inches are available.

The larger screen size is better for gaming, viewing movies, picture or video editing, and complex data visualizations, while the smaller screen size is lighter and simpler to carry anywhere.

If you need to carry your laptop around a lot, consider a laptop with an 11- to 14-inch display. 

2. Display Resolution:

Higher screen resolution = Sharp, clear, and rich visual experience.

The horizontal and vertical pixel counts are used to determine screen resolution.

HD Ready, Full HD, and 4K are the most popular display resolutions.

HD or HD ready:

This resolution is available in entry-level and budget laptops with a 1366 x 768-pixel count.

Watching movies, playing simple graphics games, or working on documents would suffice.

Full HD or 1080p:

This resolution is available in high-end laptops; the display has a pixel count of 1920 x 1080, which is twice the HD resolution.

They provide a better visual experience when watching HD movies or playing graphically intensive games.

Ultra HD and 4K:

With a resolution of 3840 x 2160 pixels, this display resolution is four times the Full HD.

They are ideal for high-resolution video editing, 4K video viewing, and graphics-intensive games.

Other factors considered while selecting the display are as follows:

3. Screen Type- IPS vs. Non-IPS:

In-Plane Switching (IPS) is a type of LED (a type of LCD) display panel technology.

IPS panels have the best colours and viewing angles than other display panels.

4. Refresh Rate:

On a laptop screen, the refresh rate is the number of times an image changes each second, measured in hertz or frames per second (FPS).

The standard refresh rate for laptops is 60Hz.

5. Bezels:

The bezels are the borders that surround your laptop’s screen.

They may not be particularly attractive, but they protect your screen from damage.

6. Matte (Antiglare) vs. Glossy Display:

A matte (textured) display has a matte surface, whereas a glossy display has a glossy (smooth) surface.

In low-light situations, matte displays have a light-scattering antireflection layer that reduces the reflection, contrast, and colour intensity.

7. Touch Screen:

Touch screens are common in 2-in-1 computers.

The touchscreen display allows you to edit directly on the screen using a pen or by scrolling, zooming, and other actions with your fingertips.

As a result, your laptop’s functionality is comparable to the tablet or smartphone.

Operating System (OS)

The operating system manages the laptop’s hardware and allows other applications to interface with it.

Windows, Mac OS, Chromebooks, and Linux are the four primary operating systems.

1. Windows OS:

Although Windows is the most popular operating system, however, all laptops do not have windows preinstalled.

2. Mac OS:

Mac OS is preinstalled on all Apple laptops.

Apple developed the MacBook’s software and hardware to work in sync to ensure smooth performance.

3. Chrome OS:

Chrome OS is the operating system that runs on all Chromebooks. It’s quick, easy, and secure.

4. Linux:

Linux is an open-source operating system popular among programmers, but it is not as responsive as Windows and is not recommended for regular users.

5. DOS:

 A disc operating system runs from a hard disc drive.

Ports & Connectivity

Ports and connectivity define what you can connect to your laptop.

These are required to connect a pen drive, an external hard disc, a mouse, a projector, a television, headphones, or even your phone.

Make sure your laptop has sufficient ports to connect multiple devices simultaneously.

The following are the numerous sorts of ports:

1. USB Type-A:

These ports are used to connect standard USB devices such as mobile phones and flash drives.

A higher number denotes a higher speed. (For example, USB 3.1 is faster than USB 3.0, and USB 3.0 is faster than USB 2.0.)

2. USB Type-C:

These ports provide faster data transfer and smaller charger sizes than the USB Type-A ports.

These connectors can be used to connect universal chargers and docks.

3. Card reader:

This port connects a micro SD or SD memory card directly to your DSLR or phone, allowing you to copy data to and from it.

4. HDMI:

You can connect your laptop to an LED TV or projector using this port.

5. VGA Port:

For TVs, monitors, and projectors, this is an older type of connector.

6. Thunderbolt:

This is the most recent and fastest type of laptop connector.

Thunderbolt is a combination of a Type C connector and a Display Port that enables charging peripheral connection, and display connection all from a single port.

Design & Other features:

Basic laptops have a clamshell design that means the screen folds over the keyboard and mouse pad.

For most consumers, these are the most common and affordable laptops.

1. Thin and Light Laptops:

These laptops have a 1.8 kg weight with a screen size of 14 inches or less.

Thin and light laptops are often considered to be innovative designs since they pack with high-end specifications into a small and light design.

2. Lid and body: 

The lid and body made of plastic or aluminium should be sufficiently flexible and lightweight.

3. Keyboard:

Chiclet or Island Style keyboards are characterized by flat and shallow keys that facilitate typing.

The keyboard’s spacing and depth should make typing pleasant.

Many laptops have a backlit keyboard, so check this feature if you want to use your laptop in the dark.

Conclusion:

These are the best buyers guide, so consider while buying a laptop for general, professional or gaming use.

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